Updated: 21st March 2020
TUPE regulation, or the Transfer of Undertakings (Protection of Employment) 2014 legislation, provides protection in law for employee rights when staff are transferred over to a new business.
This can occur when a company goes into administration, for example, and underlying business assets are sold to another company. TUPE also applies to service outsourcing, and when services are brought bank in-house.
Both old and new employers have obligations with regards to staff contracts, to reduce the detrimental effects of this change in business ownership. For the new employer, it’s vital to be aware of the contractual rights that are being transferred, and the liabilities they’re taking on, to avoid any unexpected financial outlay in the future.
TUPE transfer protects the terms and conditions of employment in the event of a business sale, for relevant transfers of staff from one company to another. TUPE doesn’t apply if there is no change of employer.
The law surrounding TUPE is very complex, and it’s vital to seek professional advice if it’s believed these regulations might apply. Failing to do so leaves employers open to penalties and potential legal action by employees who may have the right to claim unfair dismissal, or for other issues including discrimination and redundancy.
The new employer, or transferee, should carry out thorough due diligence prior to a TUPE transfer, obtaining warranties as to the accuracy of the information provided to them, and indemnities from the transferor as necessary.
Under TUPE, the terms and conditions of employee contracts are safeguarded. Their length of service is continuous, and all obligations under the employment contracts are taken on by the new employer.
Transferring employers must adhere to strict rules surrounding TUPE consultation. Detailed information has to be provided throughout the process, to trade unions or employee representatives. If there are fewer than 10 employees, however, they can be consulted directly.
So what information needs to be passed on?
The new employer needs to be aware of all obligations and potential issues within the contracts that might cause problems at a later stage. They should receive information in writing from the old employer on all obligations and liabilities to be incurred on transfer of the contracts.
Under TUPE regulations, redundancies made where the transfer is the sole or main reason, will be deemed unfair. Prior to making any staff redundant, employers must consider whether it’s for ‘economic, technical, or organisational’ (ETO) reasons.
The laws surrounding redundancy after TUPE are generally complex, and restrictive for the owners of the new company. In cases where the old company has become insolvent and is being sold on quickly during a pre pack administration, however, the rules of TUPE are slightly different:
Outgoing business owner
New business owner
Dealing with TUPE regulations is a complex process. Real Business Rescue provides the professional support needed when employment contracts are being transferred. We have extensive experience in this area, and offer a free same-day meeting to ensure that directors and employers understand the obligations involved. Our extensive office network comprises 77 offices across the UK with a partner-led service offering immediate director advice and support.
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