I cannot afford to pay my staff when furlough ends – what can I do?

Updated: 26th November 2021

How will I pay my staff once the furlough scheme ends?

In response to the coronavirus pandemic, the government introduced a range of initiatives to help businesses weather the storm and cushion the economic shock. One of the most successful and widely used measures has been the Coronavirus Job Retention Scheme (CJRS) which has been used in some form or other by two thirds of businesses since it was introduced in March 2020.

A series of extensions means this scheme will now run until the end of September 2021.

As part of the scheme, employers who have been hit by a drop in trade due to coronavirus related business interruption, can furlough those staff who for whom there is not adequate work. The government will cover 80% of their salary up to a monthly cap of £2,500. Employers can choose to top this up to 100% if they wish. From July, employers will need to contribute 10% of furloughed staff's wages, rising to 20% in August and September.

I cannot afford to pay my staff - what can I do?

Ensuring staff are paid on time is one of the most important elements of running a business; if a company is unable to do this, then this highlights potentially serious financial problems. If you are struggling to pay your staff, all is not lost; there are options open to you.

With businesses being forced to close for months on end, the scale of interruption is huge. Many companies will have depleted their cash reserves leading to acute cash flow problems. This will take time to build back up, as this will be predominantly reliant on sales – and therefore customers – returning.

Consider commercial funding to improve cash flow

If you are confident your business will be able to bounce back then you may wish to consider taking out a form of short-term funding to boost your cash flow while you wait for your revenue to return to pre-Covid levels. This could take the immediate financial pressure off your business, allowing you to pay staff while you focus on increasing sales.

Of course, this money will have to be paid back eventually so it is important you only go down this route if you are confident in your company’s long-term viability going forwards. If you are considering obtaining emergency funding for your business, a specialist such as UK Business Finance can help you secure the most appropriate type of funding in the most cost-effective way possible.

Can I make staff redundant after furlough?

For some businesses, life after coronavirus may never be the same again. For example, social distancing measures may mean a venue can now only accommodate a percentage of the customers it once could have. As customer levels reduce, you may find staffing requirements also need to be pared down to accommodate this.

If you are considering making redundancies after the furlough scheme ends, you need to ensure you follow government guidelines to protect yourself from the risk of an unfair dismissal claim further down the line. The way you select employees for redundancy must be fair, and this must be done using the correct process.

Understanding the furlough scheme and holiday pay

Staff who have been furloughed continue to accrue statutory holiday entitlements throughout this time. If an employee was put on furlough at the start of the scheme in April 2020, a year later, it is reasonable to assume that they could have built up a considerable amount of annual leave. This could cause both logistical and financial problems for employers when employees return to work.

If employees have not opted to use any of their holiday entitlement during the furlough period, they will be returning to work with an inflated amount of annual leave to be taken over the course of the next two years. This could mean your business is left short on staff members at a time when you need all your employees to be working to aid in the recovery process. You are able to restrict employees’ annual leave so long as there is a valid business reason for doing so, and new regulation now means that annual leave can be rolled over into the next two leave years in order to give companies more flexibility to manage their workforce during this time.

However, even if this does not pose practical problems to your business, you will still need to factor in this paid annual leave which you will be required to provide your employees. If you are worried that you will not be able to afford staff holiday pay after furlough, then you should seek expertise help and advice as soon as possible.

Holiday pay after furlough also affects redundancy

When an employee is made redundant, they are entitled to be paid for all holidays which has been accrued but not yet taken; this is typically paid as a lump sum payment in the redundant employee’s final pay. The additional holiday entitlement built up over the furloughed period will need to be factored into the cost of making any staff redundant once this scheme ends. 

I’m worried my company cannot survive after the furlough scheme ends

In September 2021, the furlough scheme will end for good, with the tapering off of government support beginning several months earlier in July. Once these costs return and financial support is reduced, some companies will unfortunately discover that they are simply unable to continue trading.

If you are worried your company will struggle to survive once the furlough scheme comes to an end, it is vital that you seek expert help and advice from a licensed insolvency practitioner. Real Business Rescue has over 70 insolvency practitioners across the country, here to provide you with the guidance you need.

We can talk you through all the options open to your company which may involve a form of restructuring by way of an Administration process, formal negotiations with creditors through a Company Voluntary Arrangement (CVA), or even liquidation if financial pressures have got too much for the company to recover from.

Call our expert advisers today on 0800 644 6080 for immediate help and advice or to arrange a free no-obligation consultation.

Keith Tully


0800 644 6080
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