Reviewed: 17th April 2018
You’re legally obliged to register for VAT if your ‘taxable supplies’ exceed the VAT threshold in any rolling 12-month period. This also applies if you know the threshold will be exceeded during the following 30 days.
Taxable supplies are products or services to which VAT is applied, but this is further complicated by the fact that several rates of VAT exist in the UK, including a 0% rate.
The sale and purchase of zero-rated goods must be recorded and declared in the same way as those attracting a higher rate of VAT. Only those goods and services that are VAT-exempt can be ignored.
There are both advantages and disadvantages of registering for VAT, so let’s look at the potential benefits to your business.
Failing to notify HMRC of your need to register
The current VAT threshold (2018/19) is £85,000, and this relates to your taxable turnover rather than profit. A number of factors can lead to a failure to register at the correct time, so how are penalties calculated by HMRC for failing to notify them?
The level of fine is based on how long you have delayed registration, and is calculated as a percentage of the amount of VAT due, also known by HMRC as potential lost revenue, or PLR.
Late filing of your VAT return
It’s crucial to operate an effective, reliable system of tracking, recording and reporting VAT once you’ve registered, otherwise you may experience difficulty in filing your return within the deadline.
VAT deadlines vary depending on which VAT accounting scheme you use, but information on this and your payment deadlines should be held in your VAT online account. If you file your VAT return after the deadline, even by one day, you’ll be charged £100 with further penalties being charged as a percentage of the tax due.
Amounts depend on the extent of the delay in filing, and whether HMRC believe your actions are deliberate.
Inaccurate VAT returns
If errors on your VAT return could have led to HMRC losing revenue, you’ll be charged a penalty depending on the type of error. HMRC will try to establish whether you’ve taken ‘reasonable care’ in completing your return, if the error was deliberate, and if it was, whether you attempted to conceal it.
Your underlying behaviour and level of co-operation with HMRC guide their actions in penalising you, as can a previous history of non-compliance. If an accountant prepares your VAT returns and you’re deemed not to have taken reasonable care with your tax affairs, a penalty may still be incurred.
Late payment of VAT
Late payment penalties are applied as a percentage of the amount of tax due, and are currently set at 5%.
HMRC may be willing to overturn the penalties applied for failing to notify, late filing and late payment, if you can offer a ‘reasonable excuse’ – so what is considered ‘reasonable?’
‘Reasonable excuses’ and VAT
Although a ‘reasonable excuse’ is not defined in law, they may include (but aren’t limited to) the following:
VAT can be a complex area of business, and if you need any further information, please call one of the team at Real Business Rescue for advice tailored to you.Our extensive office network comprises 55 offices across the UK with a partner-led service offering immediate director advice.
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