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Understanding employee redundancy pay if your company is insolvent


I can't pay my staff redundancy pay

When a business experiences financial difficulty, sometimes there’s no option but to make staff redundant. This may involve a select number whose roles are surplus to requirements, or alternatively the full workforce if the company is headed towards liquidation. Either way this is a stressful time for all concerned.

It is important to note that it is the responsibility of the company making the redundancies to pay any staff redundancy costs which are incurred during this process. However, in many cases, redundancies are made only as a last ditch attempt to save a financially troubled company, or when the company is beyond rescue and has to close down. In these situations, it is unlikely that the company will have the money available to ensure all staff are paid what they are owed.

So if you can’t afford to pay staff redundancies what can you do to ensure your staff do not miss out on the redundancy payments they are entitled to?

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Redundancy when the company is still trading

Financial difficulty scheme

If making redundancies offers your business a good chance of survival and other jobs will be saved as a result, you may be able to secure help from the government if you can’t afford the redundancy payments.

A loan scheme for companies in this situation allows you to borrow money to pay your staff redundancies, and then repay over a period of time. This can be particularly useful if you’ve also restructured your debt through company administration or a Company Voluntary Arrangement, and can take advantage of more favourable repayment terms on your other debts.

Redundancy Payments Service loan scheme

The scheme is run by the Redundancy Payments Service, or RPS. To back up your loan application you’ll need to provide solid evidence of your company’s inability to pay redundancy, and the likelihood of your business’ survival once these redundancies have been made.

Supporting documents should include management accounts and financial projections, such as sales, cash flow, and profits. The idea is that your company repays the loan at an affordable amount over a period of time, offering the opportunity to improve trade without the same level of payroll liabilities.

But what if your application is refused? What can you do to pay staff redundancy when you want to carry on trading?

  • Talk to employees earmarked for redundancy

Good communication is key to dealing with this difficult situation. You’re obliged by law to pay redundancy pay to eligible employees, and you may have additional obligations if you’ve also agreed to pay contractual redundancy.

Being open and honest with your staff about the business’ struggles can smooth the way to a solution.

Is your company insolvent?

If your company is insolvent you have a number of legal responsibilities that you must adhere to. Taking steps to protect creditors from further losses by contacting a licensed insolvency practitioner can help ensure you adhere to these duties.
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  • Offer to make redundancy payments in instalments 

Explain the situation to your staff and what you’re doing to help them. They may be open to accepting redundancy payment in instalments if you provide the background to your financial difficulties and they understand that you’re doing your best to help them.

  • Seek professional assistance 

Sometimes the involvement of a professional insolvency practitioner can sway the situation in your favour – staff will realise you’re not trying to renege on your duties as an employer, and are taking their predicament seriously.

  • Keep staff informed 

The employees you’re making redundant will naturally be worried about their own financial circumstances and whether they’re going to be able to pay their bills on time. Keeping them in mind and informed about the company’s situation - the steps you’re taking to deal with it, and the fact that you’re not just writing them off – can ease their concerns.


When you’re insolvent and can’t pay staff redundancies

The situation is slightly different if your business has become insolvent and is no longer trading. If the company is liquidated, eligible employees will be able to make a claim on the government’s National Insurance Fund (NIF).

In order to claim redundancy from the NIF, certain conditions apply. Employees must have worked for the company for at least two years, and their age and weekly wage determines the amount of redundancy pay they receive. The appointed insolvency practitioner (IP) should advise on how to claim redundancy in this way. It’s also worth noting that you may be entitled to claim director redundancy if you’re an employee of the company.

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If your company is struggling with unmanageable debts, squeezed cash flow, or an uncertain future, you are far from alone. We speak to company directors just like you every single day, and we are here to give you the help and advice you need.
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Claiming redundancy from the National Insurance Fund

There’s no assurance that staff will receive all the money they’re owed, but they may be able to claim such payments as unpaid holiday, wage arrears, notice pay, and some pension contributions from the National Insurance Fund.

Staff can apply for these payments as soon as they’re made redundant, and have up to six months to make the claim. The Redundancy Payments Office (RPO) handles the applications, and typically makes payment within a few weeks. 

For more information on paying staff redundancy when cash flow is compromised, call our expert team at Real Business Rescue. We are insolvency specialists and will provide the professional insight and advice you need. Our network of offices extends throughout the country, and we offer free same-day consultations to quickly establish your needs.

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