Updated: 21st January 2020
In online business circles, there is a company closure process commonly known as The Spongebob Plan. It is essentially just dissolution (also known as strike-off) but crucially, the company attempting to dissolve will have liabilities such as HMRC tax debts or supplier debts that they cannot afford.
The Spongebob Plan was named after a member on the online message board, UK Business Forums. The website is hugely popular with a thriving community of businesspeople sharing ideas, concerns and advice - some of it good, some not so much.
The Spongebob Plan advises directors of insolvent companies to start the strike-off (dissolution) process and hope that the company is dissolved at Companies House without intervention. Some creditors, such as HMRC, will object to the strike-off due to them being owed money and the application will be rejected – you can read more about what happens in this situation here. But if the strike-off application sails through without objection – usually because the debt is considered low-level - hey presto, the company is dissolved.
At this stage, many company directors will feel the situation is resolved. They’ve effectively paid £10 (the cost of the strike-off application known as a DS01 form) to close their company and walk away from debts. However, in many cases, directors have also just walked away from a potential cash windfall.
Otherwise known as director redundancy.
When an insolvent company closes through a liquidation process, there is a good chance that the director(s) of the company can claim for redundancy – of which the average director compensation is £9,000. Unfortunately, awareness of director redundancy is still relatively low and many individuals miss out on their right to claim.
In order to qualify, the director needs to meet specific criteria, such as being on the company payroll (taking salary via PAYE) and the company itself needs to have been trading for at least two years. If these two conditions are met, the probability of a successful claim is high. You can assess your potential claim here.
In a dissolution (strike-off) process, it isn’t possible to claim director redundancy. So while the £10 application fee is, on the surface, an attractive option when compared to a £4k or £5k (average fee) liquidation, it’s only in liquidation that a director can guarantee the company is closed with no chance of it being restored to the register and, crucially, it’s the only possible avenue to claim director redundancy.
In many cases, a cash-strapped director is unable to afford liquidation but the insolvency practitioner will work on the basis that the director has a valid redundancy claim and assess the value of this claim. If the value is greater than the cost of the liquidation – remember the average claim is £9,000 – the director will then be able to fund the liquidation and have money to take away at the end of the process – tax-free. You can read more on where director redundancy money comes from here.
For any queries regarding company liquidation, director redundancy, and the perils of dissolving a company with debts, contact us for a free consultation on 0800 644 6080.
For a detailed depiction on how The Spongebob Plan (choosing dissolution over liquidation) could be a costly mistake, see the scenario below.
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