Understanding Secured and Unsecured Business Loans

Updated: 3rd December 2021

The difference between secured and unsecured business loans and what this means for you

When it comes to funding your business, there are a number of options that might be suitable for financing its start up or growth. A secured business loan involves the lender taking one or more of your company’s hard assets as ‘security.’ This could include premises, a company vehicle, or plant and machinery.

This type of lending is easier to obtain than an unsecured loan, as the lender’s exposure to risk of non-payment is reduced. Unsecured loans, on the other hand, may be more beneficial to your business as there is no threat of losing an asset should the company experience financial difficulty.

What are the features of a secured business loan?

When taking out a secured business loan, the lender will require collateral to reduce their exposure to risk. If your company then defaults on the loan, the lender is able to recover the funds by taking ownership of the asset and selling it.

Secured business loans are commonly offered with longer repayment terms than unsecured loans. Loan amounts are generally higher, and a secured loan can also be a better option if your company does not have a good credit rating.

Advantages of secured borrowing

  • Secured loans are usually cheaper, as the lender is taking on less risk
  • Larger amounts are available using secured loans
  • Repayment terms can be favourable, as they are made over a longer period of time
  • If your credit rating is low, using business assets as security allows you to grow the business regardless


  • It often takes longer to obtain a secured loan due to the valuation of assets, and other due diligence measures taken by the lender
  • Valuable business assets are placed at risk if your company defaults on the loan
  • There may be costs to pay upfront

Unsecured lending for business

To obtain an unsecured loan from your bank, you may need to provide a personal guarantee. This is enforceable should your company fail to make the repayments, in which case you will need to repay the loan from your personal funds.

Director personal guarantees are commonplace these days, and it remains difficult to obtain a ‘traditional’ business loan without one unless you provide security to the lender. The problem is that some guarantees are signed by directors in a mistaken belief that they will never be called upon.

Advantages of unsecured loans

  • They are quicker to obtain than secured loans
  • There is no requirement to risk the loss of valuable business assets 
  • Unsecured loans can offer flexibility in terms of repayment


  • It may not be possible to obtain an unsecured loan if you need a large amount
  • They are generally more expensive than secured loans
  • You may need to provide a personal guarantee, as this reduces the lender’s risk in the absence of security

Specialist lenders for funding your business

Real Business Rescue has professional contacts with over 50 alternative loan providers around the country. We can help you source the right type of funding for your business, and assist with the application process.

There are many options when it comes to alternative funding, and which one you choose will depend on how your business is run. If you have a high number of credit sales you may be able to secure a factoring or invoice discounting arrangement, and businesses with high value assets could potentially leverage their value to obtain a lump sum cash injection.  

To find out more, call one of our expert team to arrange a free initial meeting at one of Our extensive office network comprises 100 offices across the UK with a partner-led service offering immediate director advice and support. 

Keith Tully


0800 644 6080
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